B. Technological Skills

By the end of this course, students will:
  • B1. Use problem-solving processes and project-management strategies in the planning and fabrication of a product or delivery of a service;
  • B2. Fabricate products or deliver services, using a variety of resources.


B1. Problem Solving and Project Management

By the end of this course, students will:
  • B1.1 Apply the steps of a design process or other problem-solving process to plan and develop products and services (e.g., define the problem or challenge, taking into account relevant contextual or background information; gather information [about criteria, materials, constraints]; generate possible solutions, using techniques such as brainstorming; choose the best solution; develop and produce a model or prototype; test the model or prototype; incorporate improvements or redesign and retest; report on results) (see pp. 16–19);
  • B1.2 Apply the steps and/or techniques of appropriate problem-solving processes and methods (e.g., diagnostics, reverse engineering, trial and error, divide and conquer, parts substitution, extreme cases) to solve a variety of problems in different technological areas (see pp. 16–19);
  • B1.3 Identify and discuss solutions that have been developed to address key technological problems or meet human needs in various areas of technology (e.g., catalytic converters, CPU heat sinks, solar cells, regenerative brake energy systems, wind turbines, convection ovens, internal defibrillators, scent-free and hypoallergenic products);
  • B1.4 Use a variety of sources to research technological solutions to specific problems or challenges (e.g., the Internet, reference books, journals or magazines, experts);
  • B1.5 Demonstrate the ability to work cooperatively in a group environment to solve problems (e.g., share tools, tasks, materials, and resources);
  • B1.6 Use appropriate communication, timemanagement, and organizational strategies (e.g., active listening, scheduling, flow charts, meal plans) to facilitate the process of developing a product or service.

B2. Creating Products or Delivering Services

By the end of this course, students will:
  • B2.1 Use appropriate tools, materials, and equipment (e.g., tools: hammer, chisel, screwdrivers, soldering iron, cheese grater, sieve, seam ripper; pruning shears, hair clipper; materials: wood, aluminum, polystyrene, paper, wax, clay, textiles, electronic components, mulch, hair colour; equipment: drill press, test meter, computer, software, printer, video camera, thermometer, grill, sewing machine, autoclave, curling iron) to create products or deliver services;
  • B2.2 Make accurate measurements using a variety of tools (e.g., ruler, scale, tape measure, caliper, micrometer, thermometer, measuring cup), in metric or imperial units, as appropriate;
  • B2.3 Meet all design criteria (e.g., technical requirements, type and quality of materials, appearance, ease of use, safety, timeline, client’s expectations) in creating a product or delivering a service;
  • B2.4 Demonstrate the ability to use, maintain, and store tools and equipment properly and with care.