Picture Frame Project

teacher prep
Your objective is to create a fully functional picture frame and stand that will display a standard 5x7" photo
    • Learn about the PLANER and JOINTER
    • Learn to use the ROUTER TABLE
    • Learn to use the MITRE SAW
    • Learn to use a FENCE on the bandsaw
    • Learn to cut stock to precise size
      Learn the importance of uniform measurement and 45 degree angles
    • Learn to use the OFFSET tool
    • Learn to use the FOLLOW ME tool

  • PINE STOCK approx 4"x 24" x 3/4"
    • WIDTH = <4" (max)
    • HEIGHT = 3/4" (precise)
    • LENGTH = ~24" (max)
  • GLASS: 1/8" thick (5"x7")
  • BACKBOARD: 1/8" thick
  • Glazing Push Points (HomeDepot)

  1. What are the standard sizes for typical photos - what size do YOU want to display in the stand?
  2. What parts are there for a typical photo frame? Where could you acquire some of the components?
  3. What is LANDSCAPE and PORTRAIT orientation? Can you design to accomodate BOTH?

  1. Begin by drawing your PHOTO size to scale
  2. Use the OFFSET tool to draw an INSET of 1/4" around the photo - this will help hold the photo in place
  3. Use the OFFSET tool to expand a frame AROUND the photo - keep it to nice, round measurements that can be cut from the stock provided
  4. Draw 45 degree cuts in each corner
  5. Pull the DIMENSIONS out to determine the WIDTH and LENGTH of each panel of your frame
  6. Complete the plans by adding a TOP and SIDE view

You can try creating a 3D mockup of your design to help determine the ideal dimensions. This video illustrates the general construction.

Create your 2D plans based what you learn from your 3D design. Be accurate, and try to present the dimensions clearly and completely

  1. Select and Dress Stock
  2. Mark Cuts
  3. ROUTER grooves, bevels, accents
  4. MITRE CUT 45 degree angles

The router table will be used to cut precise bevels and grooves that will A) allow the frame to securely hold the photo and glass, and B) give the final frame an attractive pattern once assembled. Below is a profile that uses TWO BITS
  • A 3/4" "rabbet" bit to make the flat "dado" groove on the FRONT face, and the "rabbet" groove on the INSIDE face
  • A Roman Ogee bevel on the OUTSIDE face



Level 4 - Exemplary
Level 3 - Competant
Level 2 - Fair Attempt
Level 1- Poor
Research is thorough and very well considered. Insights are clearly stated and help define the project
Research is evident, and appropriate. Findings are explained and relevant to the project
Some evidence of research is present, but not well explained. A simple weblink or image may be included.
Little evidence of research is present.

Plans describe the piece perfectly. Plans are well thought out and thorough. All parts are neatly dimensioned. A clear and logical
procedure list is included
The piece is generally well described. Some dimensions may be needlessly repeated. A procedure list is present
Some parts of the piece are not well described. The plans or procedure list may be difficult to follow
The piece description is poor or unclear. Dimensions may be limited or incomplete. A procedure list may be missing.


Construction and
Build Quality
All cuts are absolutely precise and clean. As a result, the resulting product is perfectly symmetrical, functional and seamless with no evidence of "broken" stock.
Cuts are generally accurate. As a result, the product appears quite functional
Cuts appear to be inaccurate. Symmetry and seams are compromised.
The resulting piece demonstrates limited skill
The piece has severe manufacturing problems. The resulting piece demonstrates poor skill

Design and Sophistication
The detail and features of the piece are particularly well thought out. They are aesthetically and structurally sound.
The detail and features of the piece are appropriate. They are aesthetically and structurally sound.
The detail and features of the piece are limited, or somewhat impractical for the project
The detail and features of the piece are quite limited, or inappropriate for the project

The finish is flawless for the piece. There is NO evidence of relief cuts, pencil marks, excess glue, and sanding is fine and well done.
The finish is well done for the piece. There is little evidence of excess glue, and sanding is well done.
The finish is slightly flawed for the piece. There may be evidence of excess glue, filler, and opportunities for sanding to improve the appearance
The finish is flawed for the piece. Greater care and sanding would improve the appearance

The piece functions EXTREMELY well for its intended purpose. Wheels are perfectly parallel and spin smoothly without losing energy
The piece will function well for it's intended use
The piece requires further modification to function properly for it's intended purpose
The piece lacks functionality for it's intended purpose.

Reflections are thoughtful and genuine. Observations are correct. Significant effort is evident. Changes made between the design and construction are explained
Reflections are somewhat thoughtful and genuine. A few observations are correct. Modest effort is evident. Changes made between the design and construction are noted but not explained.
Few reflections present. Some effort is evident to describe learning which took place. Changes made between the design and construction are not explained.
Few reflections and observations made. Very little effort made to reflect on the learning that took place.

  1. Research
  2. Planning
  3. Construction
    1. Accuracy of Measurements
      1. Does it match your plans?
      2. Are measurements to even units?
    2. Complexity of Design
    3. Craftsmanship
      1. Seamless joinery
      2. Finish of product
    4. Inclusion of project PHOTOS in your website portfolio
  4. Reflection