Animation Techniques & Principles

It doesn't have to be "Realistic", but it SHOULD be "Believable"
Here are a few standard techniques of professional animators. They can make a competent animation appear MUCH more convincing and believable.
An animator may sometimes intentionally omit some of these effects to create a "visual sarcasm" or "unbelievable" style of motion.

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Ease In / Ease Out


One of the easiest techniques to add to your tweens. This is essential to simulating the effects of weight, gravity and density on your moving objects.

12 Principles of Animation

The illusion of life from cento lodigiani on Vimeo.




Animated by Alan Becker
You know Alan Becker from his viral animation series "Animator vs Animation"
He has also put together a comprehensive collection of tips and demos to help you better understand the techniques of more effective animators:

1. Stretch and Squash
2. Anticipation
3. Staging
4. Straight Ahead & Pose to Pose
5. Follow Through and Overlapping
6. Slow in and Slow Out
7. Arcs
8. Secondary Action
9. Timing
10. Exaggeration
11. Solid Drawing
12. Appeal

EXERCISE: PRINCIPLES of ANIMATION
Using simple shapes (square, sphere, triangle) create your OWN demonstration that utilizes 2 or 3 of the principles of animation.
Be sure there is a TITLE in one of your flash layers that indicates the principles that you are illustrating, and be sure that your name appears on the stage as well.
The duration of the animation is up to you, but it should be 800x450 pixel resolution, and should be paced so that it is appealing to the viewer.





MORE Advanced Techniques:

Side Scrolling Backgrounds

The Foreground subject doesn't move on the screen
The background scrolls by behind the subject to imply motion

Parallax Scrolling

The Foreground subject doesn't move on the screen
Background objects scroll at different rates
  • Objects closer to the camera scroll faster
  • Objects on horizon scroll very little
  • Clouds scroll at different rates, depending how close they are to the horizon